Oral preparatory disorders adults

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Swallowing can be thought of as an interplay between two separate but related, physiologic events, airway protection - will a patient be able to prevent themselves from choking while eating - and bolus transport - how food moves from the mouth into the stomach. All swallowing disorders can be traced to some malfunction of one or both of these events. The diagnostic tests and therapeutic maneuvers that take place at the Voice and Swallowing Center address the issues of airway protection and bolus transport. Dysphagia is defined as any subjective or objective patient complaint of trouble swallowing, coughing, choking or inability to safely handle food or secretions. Dysphagia can result from either unilateral or bilateral strokes 4, 5 22,
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Oral Health and Swallowing Problems

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Neurological disorders affecting oral, pharyngeal swallowing : GI Motility online

Swallowing disorders are common, especially in the elderly, and may cause dehydration, weight loss, aspiration pneumonia and airway obstruction. Impaired swallowing, or dysphagia, may occur because of a wide variety of structural or functional conditions, including stroke, cancer, neurologic disease and gastroesophageal reflux disease. A thorough history and a careful physical examination are important in the diagnosis and treatment of swallowing disorders. The physical examination should include the neck, mouth, oropharynx and larynx, and a neurologic examination should also be performed. Supplemental studies are usually required. A videofluorographic swallowing study is particularly useful for identifying the pathophysiology of a swallowing disorder and for empirically testing therapeutic and compensatory techniques.
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Swallowing Disorders

Language: English Portuguese. Oral transit time is one of the parameters observed during the clinical assessment of the swallowing function. The importance of this parameter is due to its impact on the total duration of a meal, whose consequence can be an unfavorable nutritional prognostic.
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Temporomandibular disorders TMDs are the most frequent non-dental orofacial pain disorders and may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis RA , resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia OD. However, clinicians' understanding of involvement with OD caused by RA-related TMDs is limited and the methodological quality of research in this field has been criticised. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of oral preparatory and oral stage signs and symptoms of OD in adults presenting with TMDs associated with RA. A systematic review of the literature was completed. Grey literature and reference lists of the included studies were also searched.
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