The earliest traces of human habitation on the territory of Russia are found in Siberia, the North Caucasus and the Kuban and relate to a period of about million years BC. The Slavs and their neighbors. Besides hunting, the Slavs engaged in farming, and trade was developing gradually. The main trade routes were the rivers.
Russian , the most spoken Slavic language , is the shared mother tongue of the Russians; and Orthodox Christianity is their historical religion since the 11th century. They are the largest Slavic nation, as well as the largest European nation. The Russians were formed from East Slavic tribes, and their cultural ancestry is based in Kievan Rus'. The Russian word for the Russians is derived from the people of Rus' and the territory of Rus'.
The history of Russia begins with the histories of the East Slavs. In Prince Oleg of Novgorod seized Kiev , thereby uniting the northern and southern lands of the Eastern Slavs under one authority. The state adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in , beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Orthodox Slavic culture for the next millennium.
If you have a look at the map, you will notice that Russia is situated both in Europe and in Asia. This country has always represented the bridge between the West and the East, and not only geographically, but also economically, politically, culturally and spiritually. It could be said that its historical mission has always been to connect two great civilizations, that of the East and of the West.