We examined the stability of smoking behaviors, and factors associated with persistent smoking in a longitudinal study of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in primary relationships. A sample of HIV-positive men on antiretroviral therapy and their same-sex partners completed five assessments over two years. Participants completed semi-structured interviews which assessed smoking status, sociodemographic factors, relationship dynamics, and HIV-related disease characteristics. Latent transition analysis estimated the amount of transition in smoking over time. Latent class analysis examined factors associated with smoking status across the study period. At baseline,
Bisexual Men Living with HIV: Wellbeing, Connectedness and the Impact of Stigma
Bisexual Men Living with HIV: Wellbeing, Connectedness and the Impact of Stigma | SpringerLink
New savings and lower costs for health coverage is now available at HealthCare. HIV can affect anyone regardless of sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, gender, age, or where they live. However, certain groups of people in the United States are more likely to get HIV than others because of particular factors, including the communities in which they live, what subpopulations they belong to, and their risk behaviors. When you live in a community where many people have HIV infection, the chance of being exposed to HIV by having sex or sharing needles or other injection equipment with someone who has HIV is higher.
Who Is at Risk for HIV?
Studies over the past decade suggest that gay men smoke at higher rates than men in the general U. This puts gay and bisexual men at high risk for smoking-related illness. If you smoke, you may have higher rates of cancer, heart disease, stroke, and chronic obstructive lung diseases. Quitting smoking has immediate as well as long-term benefits for you and your loved ones.
However, bisexual men may have unique experiences of HIV-related stigma and distinct support needs. Bisexual men reported higher levels of internalised HIV-related stigma, greater negative self-image and poorer emotional wellbeing than gay men. Study findings suggest that existing social supports for PLHIV may not adequately address the unique support needs of bisexual men.