TAN, L. CHAN, E. Hemifacial spasm HFS is characterized by tonic and clonic contractions of the muscles innervated by the ipsilateral facial nerve. It is important to distinguish this from other causes of facial spasms, such as psychogenic facial spasm, facial tic, facial myokymia, blepharospasm, and tardive dyskinesia. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography studies frequently demonstrate vascular compression of the root exit zone of the facial nerve. As facial twitchings are frequently attributed to stress and anxiety, the diagnosis of HFS may be missed.
Facial Tic Disorder
Facial Tic Disorder: Causes, Contributing Factors, and Treatments
Cerebral palsy CP is caused by an injury to the immature brain that causes a disorder of movement and posture. It can occur before or during childbirth, or in their first two years of life. Children and adults with cerebral palsy have problems moving, controlling and coordinating their muscles. Some people with cerebral palsy also have intellectual disabilities, seizures and difficulties seeing or hearing.
Facial tics are uncontrollable spasms in the face, such as rapid eye blinking or nose scrunching. They may also be called mimic spasms. Although facial tics are usually involuntary, they may be suppressed temporarily. A number of different disorders can cause facial tics. They occur most often in children, but they can affect adults as well.
But when a baby shows signs and symptoms of a serious neurological condition such as infantile spasms IS , that joy can quickly turn into concern. Infantile spasms are little seizures with big consequences. It typically begins between months of age and peaks between months of age.