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Tuberculosis in adolescents and young patients in high prevalence region
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB in children and adolescents has been a neglected aspect of the global TB epidemic over the past years as they were thought to play only a minor role in transmission and spread of the disease. Current evidence instead suggests the following:. The goal of zero TB deaths among children and adolescents, endorsed by the international child health and TB community, can only be achieved through collaboration across sectors, health systems and all stakeholders involved in child health. Prioritizing childhood and adolescent TB in national health strategies, plans and budgets is critical to addressing key shortcomings in childhood and adolescent TB care. The Tuberculosis Action Plan for the European Region — requests Member States to develop plans that ensure equitable access to quality treatment and continuity of care, including for children, as part of their interventions on integrated, patient-centred care and prevention. Health topics Communicable diseases Tuberculosis Areas of work Vulnerable populations: risk factors and social determinants Childhood and adolescent TB. Childhood and adolescent TB.
TB in Children
The study aims to determine what forms of tuberculosis TB are the most common in high prevalence region, establishes the drug sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the region, and reveals the key risk factors of the disease as well as assesses the health status of adolescents with tuberculosis. For 10 years, regional anti-tuberculosis hospital in Smolensk has been collecting data from all TB patients aged 14—34 years. Diagnosis of tuberculosis was based on specific radiological data and detection of M. In total, the study involved TB cases in adolescents aged 14—17 and TB cases in young people.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis often called "TB" mainly infects the lungs , but can affect other organs. Tuberculosis too-bur-kyuh-LOW-sis was one of the worst diseases of the 19th century. It became much rarer as living conditions and medical care got better in the United States. When someone with untreated TB coughs or sneezes, it sends droplets with the bacteria into the air.