Healthy sperm aren't always a given. Understand how lifestyle factors can affect your sperm and what you can do to improve your fertility. If you and your partner are planning a pregnancy, you might be wondering about the health of your sperm. Understand the factors that can affect male fertility — then consider steps to help your sperm achieve your goal.
Healthy sperm: Improving your fertility - Mayo Clinic
Sperm motility is the ability of sperm to move efficiently. Poor sperm motility can be a cause of male factor infertility. In this article, we look at the impact of sperm motility on fertility, as well as the causes of poor sperm motility, and what can be done to improve it. Progressive motility refers to sperm that are swimming in a mostly straight line or large circles. Non-progressive motility refers to sperm that do not travel in straight lines or that swim in very tight circles. Poor sperm motility or asthenozoospermia is diagnosed when less than 32 percent of the sperm are able to move efficiently. Worldwide, around 60 to 80 million couples are affected by infertility , and the rates vary from country to country.
There are six main criteria for healthy sperm:. Sperm also need to have the right number of chromosomes for a successful pregnancy. A breakdown in any of these criteria can result in male-factor infertility. An estimated 15—20 percent of couples worldwide are affected by infertility.
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Infertility is more common than you might think. It affects about one in every six couples, and researchers estimate about one in every three cases is due to fertility problems in the male partner alone 1 , 2. While infertility is not always treatable, there are some things you can do to boost your chances of conceiving.