Search our site to find information about about specific topic. You can also search our Knowledge Centre and our Blog too. The law gives protected status to sperm donors, so that they cannot be held legally or financially responsible for any child conceived as a result of their donation. The rules apply only in certain defined circumstances which do not exclude the parenthood of all known sperm donors. Donation through a licensed clinic A sperm donor who registers with a UK clinic and donates his sperm to unknown recipients will not be the legal father of any child conceived. This means he is fully protected from legal, financial and inheritance claims.
Sperm donation and the law - for donors
Using a known sperm donor - legal implications - Family Law Partners
The use of third-party reproduction has been practiced for over a century. One of the first documented cases of donor insemination occurred in when a married couple struggling with male infertility consulted Dr. William Pancoast, a physician and medical school professor. Although artificial insemination in humans was possible in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it was not socially acceptable and women undergoing the procedure were often considered to have committed adultery and their children were perceived as illegitimate. While the UPA did address certain situations involving donor-conceived children, it did not address the rights of divorced fathers, the standing of non-marital fathers to sue for parental rights, the parental status of sperm donors when the recipient was unmarried or was not inseminated under the supervision of a licensed physician, or parentage issues surrounding surrogacy and gestational agreements. While most states do have laws that remove paternal rights from anonymous sperm donors and give them to the intended parents, those statutes generally do not apply if the woman is not married or a physician is not involved in the process.
What Are the Possible Legal Issues Related to Sperm Donors?
Sperm donation laws vary by country. Most countries have laws to cover sperm donations which, for example, place limits on how many children a sperm donor may give rise to, or which limit or prohibit the use of donor semen after the donor has died, or payment to sperm donors. Other laws may restrict use of donor sperm for in vitro fertilisation IVF treatment, which may itself be banned or restricted in some way, such as to married heterosexual couples, banning such treatment to single women or lesbian couples. Donated sperm may be used for insemination whether natural or artificial or as part of IVF treatment.
Becoming a sperm donor is one of the most generous things you could do — it can offer some women and couples their only chance to have a family. The child born through your donation can get your identifiable details when they reach the age of Alternatively, you can donate sperm to someone you know or to someone you have met on an introduction website. You and the woman may either go to a fertility clinic for licensed treatment or undergo a private arrangement ie, provide your sperm sample directly to her. Clinics in the UK are regulated by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority HFEA , which ensures that the treatment is safe and that everyone involved is clear about their legal position.