The haute beachwear known as the bikini was named after a string of islands turned into a nuclear wasteland by atomic bomb testing. The Bikini Atoll—a series of limestone formations in the Pacific Ocean that comprise part of the Marshall Islands—is, or rather was, a tropical paradise. Between and , the United States military detonated several nuclear bombs in the area, wiping out plants and wildlife, and leaving behind a toxic wasteland. That tumultuous history is now preserved in haunting photos, diaries, papers and studies, assembled by the University of Washington into the Lauren L.
Bombs and the Bikini Atoll
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll - Wikipedia
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll consisted of the detonation of 23 nuclear weapons by the United States between and on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Tests occurred at 7 test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States and its allies, was engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until The second, Baker , was suspended under a barge. It produced a large Wilson cloud and contaminated all of the target ships.
The Crazy Story of the 1946 Bikini Atoll Nuclear Tests
After the Second World War , the atoll's inhabitants were relocated in , after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until Three families were resettled on Bikini island in , totaling about residents. But scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium in well water in May , and the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium in their bodies. They were evacuated in
The U. The plus indigenous people living on Bikini Atoll at the time were moved to other islands in order to enable nuclear testing to begin. Between and , there were 23 nuclear devices detonated at various spots on, within, above, or beneath Bikini Atoll. Operation Crossroads was an attempt to better understand the effect of atomic weapons on naval targets. Able was part of a series of nuclear tests conducted that summer.