Loving v. Virginia , U. The case involved Mildred Loving , a woman of color , [note 1] and her white husband Richard Loving , who in were sentenced to a year in prison for marrying each other. Their marriage violated Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of , which criminalized marriage between people classified as "white" and people classified as " colored ".
How Arguments Against Gay Marriage Mirror Those Against Miscegenation
On this day: Supreme Court rejects anti-interracial marriage laws - National Constitution Center
In the United States , anti-miscegenation laws also known as miscegenation laws were laws passed by most states that prohibited interracial marriage and interracial sexual relations. Some such laws predate the establishment of the United States, some dating to the later 17th or early 18th century, a century or more after the complete racialization of slavery. Supreme Court ruled in Loving v. Virginia that such laws were unconstitutional in the remaining 16 states. Typically defining mixed race marriages or sexual relations as a felony , these laws also prohibited the issue of marriage licenses and the solemnization of weddings between mixed race couples and prohibited the officiating of such ceremonies. Sometimes, the individuals attempting to marry would not be held guilty of miscegenation itself, but felony charges of adultery or fornication would be brought against them instead.
Why the Ugly Rhetoric Against Gay Marriage Is Familiar to this Historian of Miscegenation
This article is from the archive of our partner. North Carolina became the last southern state to adopt a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage Tuesday, and like its fellow southern states, it has a long history with regulating marriages. The last time the state amended its constitution to regulate marriage, it was to ban miscegenation, Think Progress tweets pictured at left.
On June 12, , the Supreme Court issued its Loving v. Virginia decision, which struck down laws that banned inter-racial marriages as unconstitutional. Here is a brief recap of this landmark civil rights case. As of , 16 states had still not repealed anti-miscegenation laws that forbid interracial marriages.