A spermatozoon joins an ovum to form a zygote. A zygote is a single cell, with a complete set of chromosomes , that normally develops into an embryo. Sperm cells contribute approximately half of the nuclear genetic information to the diploid offspring excluding, in most cases, mitochondrial DNA. In mammals, the sex of the offspring is determined by the sperm cell: a spermatozoon bearing an X chromosome will lead to a female XX offspring, while one bearing a Y chromosome will lead to a male XY offspring.
Sperm - Molecular Biology of the Cell - NCBI Bookshelf
Sperm cells are gametes sex cells that are produced in the testicular organ gonad of male human beings and animals. Like the female gamete oocyte , sperm cells carry a total of 23 chromosomes that are a result of a process known as meiosis. In both animals and human beings, among many other organisms, these cells are involved in the sexual mode of reproduction which involves the interaction of male and female gametes. The general morphology of sperm cells consists of the following parts:. Before looking at the structure and function of sperm cells, it's important to understand the process involved in their production spermatogenesis. In male animals, the hypothalamus plays a crucial role of monitoring the level of testosterone in blood. Low level of the hormone indicates low testicular activity, which triggers the hypothalamus to release releasing hormone known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone GnRH.
Sperm and eggs: the basics of human sex cells
The mature sperm cell spermatozoa is 0. It consists of a head, body and tail. The head is covered by the ac cap and contains a nucleus of dense genetic material from the 23 chromosomes.
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