Identity development is an important area with which therapists who work with children should be familiar. The number of biracial children in the United States is increasing, and although this may not be the reason that a child presents for therapy, it is an area that often should be explored. This article will review the similarities and differences between Black and White racial identity development in the United States and address special challenges for the biracial child. Recommendations for treatment in therapy are reviewed.
I Didn't Consider My Marriage Interracial. But I Wasn't Being Totally Honest With Myself
Biracial Identity Development and Recommendations in Therapy
The psychological well-being and ethnic identity of biracial adolescents are largely underrepresented topics in current scholarly literature, despite the growing population of biracial and multiracial individuals in the United States. Using analysis of covariance, significant differences emerged between biracial and monoracial adolescents on both a measure of self-esteem and a measure of ethnic identity. Specifically, biracial adolescents showed significantly higher levels of self-esteem than their Asian counterparts, but significantly lower self-esteem than Black adolescents. Furthermore, biracial adolescents scored significantly higher than Whites on a measure of ethnic identity, but scored lower than their Black, Asian, and Latino peers on the same measure.
Boundary Blurring? Racial Identification among the Children of Interracial Couples
Department of Sociology, Brown University, ude. In this paper, we use data, pooled annually, from the to American Community Survey to document 1 recent fertility patterns among interracially married couples, and 2 the racial or ethnic identification of the children from interracial marriages. Moreover, the assignment of race is highly uneven across interracial marriages comprised of husbands and wives with different racial backgrounds. The status or power of parents is often unequal, and this is played out in how children are identified as their biological offspring.
We are both Latinx and identify as people of color. In our families, my Caribbean one in particular, our lineages are complex, questions of how our people identify are sticky, and answers shift with time and context. In my family, I know siblings who identify as different races, although they share the same set of parents. My own parents were both Latinx and Caribbean, but only my father identified as Black. And yet, their differences seemed more significant to outsiders than to them.